What Are The Factors That Lead To Gum Disease?

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Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, occurs when bacteria build up along the gum line. This can cause the gums to become inflamed and irritated. If left untreated, gum disease can cause further complications and damage. Listed below are some of the causes of gum disease.

Poor Oral Hygiene

Gingivitis is caused by the buildup of plaque and bacteria along the gum line, which occurs when you don’t brush or floss enough. Regular brushing, flossing, and professional cleanings are the best way to prevent gingivitis from developing. When left untreated, gingivitis can progress into periodontitis, which causes severe damage to the gums and the surrounding tissue. The earlier gum disease is caught, the easier it is to treat.


As if to spite their living relatives, genetics is the main cause of gum disease. Your genes can be responsible for your predisposition to periodontal disease. This means that you may never experience gum disease, or you may develop it at a young age. This is not always the case, of course; there are many people who still suffer from gum disease well into their 70s or 80s despite having no genetic risk factors. But, if you do have a family history of gum disease, you should practice preventative care and visit the dentist regularly.

Hormonal Changes

Your hormonal balance is a delicate thing, and changes can affect your entire body. Your gums are no exception! Hormones can put you at a higher risk for gum disease, so it’s important to keep up with your regular cleanings and exams at Premier Dental Studio of Katy.


Certain medications, like blood pressure medication and antidepressants, can increase your risk for gum disease. Talk to your doctor about your medication’s effects on your gums before you take it. You may need to take a different type of medicine that doesn’t have side effects on your gums.

If you’re taking oral contraceptives, you might notice changes in your gums. Your gums might become red or swollen, bleed easily, or feel tender when you brush them. These are symptoms of gingivitis, which is a type of gum disease that’s usually reversible with treatment.

Some cancer treatments can cause dry mouth, another risk factor for gum disease. Saliva helps remove food particles and debris from your mouth. It also neutralizes acids that can erode tooth enamel. Without saliva, these acids are left behind to cause damage and increase your risk of cavities and gum disease.

Tobacco Use

Smoking and using other tobacco products are one of the most prominent risk factors for receding gums. The chemicals in these substances can cause the gum tissue to pull away from the teeth, leading to pockets where bacteria can grow. These problems can eventually lead to gum disease.

If you have any questions about our dental services, call our experienced dentist in Katy, TX, at (281) 271-5100 to schedule an appointment at our dental office located at 6940 Katy-Gaston Rd Suite 200, Katy, TX 77494.

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